Development of Legal Measures to Promote Joint Management of National Parks: A Case Study in Ban Luang, Chom Thong, Chiang Mai
This research regards the Development of Legal Measures to Promote the National Parks’ Management by studying the legal relationships around the vicinity of Ban Luang, Chom Thong, Chiang Mai through indepth interviews of stakeholders regarding the management of the national park in Ban Luang. There are government officers, community organizations, local administrative organizations and private sector development organizations. These interviews are conducted to study the development and factors that affect the success of the communities’ management of national park’s resources, legal factors that affect the promotion of the communities’ management of national park’s resources and guidelines to promote the national park’s communities to manage resources legally. The result shows that the national park resources development in Ban Luang has 3 phases. Phase 1: The community had no clear and solid regulations in resources management. The management was based on trusts and traditions of each tribe. Phase 2: There were changes and crisis in resources management. After the crisis, the community established the community organization to deal with this affair. And Phase 3: The community developed the management network and established a model area of learning how to cooperatively manage resources and Legal factors show that even after the 1997 constitution had granted the right to manage resources to the local community, but there had been no secondary laws clearly describing the locals’ right to manage the resources. Especially the management within the national park, which is considered to be preserved forest. The right to legally manage resources still rests with government officers, not in the hands of the community or local administrative organization. But communities in Ban Luang had been trying to refer to other applicable laws to support their participation in order to make resource management more efficient. Other factors that affect the success are the establishment of community organization to solve the problems, the strictness in local regulations enactment, the financial and academic support and the establishment of network cooperation from various organizations, hence the cooperation in working together and the local regulations acceptance from the national park officers. Besides, if the government decides to support the resource management seriously, the laws regarding national parks should be revised so that any organization can appropriately participate in management of each area, accept the local regulations’ enactment including provide financial and academic support and cooperation with the community.